Readingesl.ca - Short stories in English for ESL Students
There are some online dictionaries for English learners at other websites:
Cambridge Learner's Dictionary
Merriam-Websters Learner's Dictionary at www.learnersdictionary.com
Oxford University Press , Advanced Learner's Dictionary (OALD)
a bit (adverb) - a small amount
abandon (verb) - to leave behind with no plan to return; desert.
abolish (verb) - to do away with; put a stop to; end
aboriginal(adjective) - relating to the original race of people living in a place
about (adverb) – approximately, close to
absorb (verb) - to take in liquid through the surface
abstract (adjective) - not real, abstract art involves shapes and colours and not images of people of things
ache (verb) - hurts, is painful
achieve (verb) - to succeed, usually by working hard
according to (preposition) - said by someone. according to the government = the government says
acre (noun) - a standard unit of area used to measure land.
add(verb) - to put something else in to make larger or better
additions (noun) - something that is added
adult (adjective) - having grown up
advice (noun) - an idea or opinion that someone gives to help you decide.
affect (verb) - to cause a change in.
afford (verb) - have enough money to buy something, It can also mean to have enough time to do something.
afternoon (noun) - the time of day between noon and evening
age (verb) - to become older
AGO = Art Gallery of Ontario
agreement (noun) - a decision made between two or more people
alcoholic (adjective) - containing alcohol
alert (adjective) - quick to notice and act.
alloy (noun) – a mixture of two or more metals
a lot (adverb) - many
amount (noun) - a quantity, or a number
ancient (adjective) – from a long time ago
anniversary (noun) – the day on which an important event happened in a previous year. Your birthday is an anniversary.
announce (verb) - to tell or make known.
apartment (noun) - one or more rooms that people live in and that are part of a building.
apply (verb) - to ask officially for something. Example: You apply for a job. You apply to go to a college
appoint (verb) - to name someone to a particular office or duty
Arctic Ocean - one of the oceans of the world, found at the most northern part of the Earth, see map
area (noun) - 1. a region of a country or city or 2. a part of a building or a piece of land
argue (verb) - to disagree; quarrel
argued (verb) past tense of to argue
arguing (verb) present participle of to argue
arrange (verb) - to put in an order.
arrive (verb) - to come to, or reach a certain place.
arrow (noun) - a thin stick with a point on one end. An arrow is a kind of weapon.
artistic (adjective) - showing skill and imagination in creating
ashore (adverb) - move onto the land from the water. Example: We swam ashore at the beach.
asleep (adjective) - sleeping
athlete (noun) - someone who competes against other people in sports
at least – no less than
attacked (verb) past tense of to attack - to use violence to hurt or damage something
attraction (noun) - a place people want to visit
aunt (noun) - the sister of one's mother or father, or the wife of one's uncle
autumn (noun) - one of the four seasons, after summer and before winter
available (adjective) - able to be used, or possible to get
awful (adjective) - very bad or unpleasant
awhile (adverb) - for a short time.
bake (verb) - to cook in an oven using dry heat
balloon (noun) - a bag made of rubber that is filled with air and used as a toy or as a decoration.
bare (adjective) - lacking clothing or covering; naked
bark (verb) - to make the sound of a dog
barrel (noun) - a large round container with a flat top and bottom that is used to keep liquids. Barrels are often made of wood
basil (noun) - a type of aromatic herb of the mint family, used in cooking.
batter (noun) - a mixture of flour, liquid & sometimes eggs that is used to make cakes
battlefield (noun) - a place where a battle is fought
battles (noun) - a fight between two armies in a war
beach (noun) - the land at the edge of a lake, ocean, or other body of water. A beach is often formed of sand or small stones
beak (noun) - the hard part of a bird’s mouth
beam (noun) – a line of light
became (verb) past tense of to become - to begin. If the triathlon became an Olympic sport in 2000, then the 2000 Olympics was the first time that the triathlon was part of the Olympics.
becoming (verb) present participle of to become - to grow or come to be.
belongs to (phrasal verb) – If something belongs to you, you own it.
beluga whale (noun), also called a white whale, is a type of whale that lives in the Arctic
bell (noun) - a hollow metal cup shaped object that makes a ringing sound when you hit it.
benefits (verb) - does something good for you, helps you
bent (verb) past tense of to bend - to become curved, or to make something become curved
bergamot (noun) - a type of citrus fruit grown mostly in Italy
better (adjective) comparative form of good . - Good, better, best are the three forms of the adjective good
between (preposition) - during a set time period
beverage (noun) - a drink, any liquid for drinking. Juice and wine are beverages.
billion = 1,000,000,000
bite (verb) - to cut with the teeth (or similar)
bitter (adjective) - having a strong taste that is neither sweet nor sour
block (noun) - a solid piece of hard material with flat sides
blood (noun) - the red liquid which flows through the body. Blood carries oxygen and other substances that the body needs
bloom (verb) - If a plant blooms, its flowers open.
bobbing (verb) present participle of to bob - to move up and down quickly but gently
boiling (adjective) - very hot
boiling (verb) present participle of the verb to boil - liquid that is hot enough that bubbles are starting to form.
bold (adjective) - strong. A bold colour is a strong colour.
bone (noun) - the hard parts inside of a person or animal. Your skeleton is all your bones put together.
border (noun) - the line that separates two countries
borrow (verb) - to use something that belongs to someone else and give it back later
bottom (noun) - the lowest or deepest part of something
bought (verb) - past tense of buy
bow (noun) – weapon used for shooting arrows
bowl (noun) - a deep, round dish used for holding food or liquid
breathe (verb) - to take air in and out of your lungs. Example: We need to breathe air to stay alive.
bridal (adjective) - relating to a wedding or a bride
British (adjective) - relating to Great Britain or the United Kingdom (U.K)
brownish (adjective) - close to brown in colour
brush (noun) - an object used to tidy hair, to clean, to paint, etc.
brushed (verb) past tense of to brush - the action of using a brush
built (verb) - past tense of to build
burrow (noun) - a hole or tunnel dug by certain animals for use as a hiding place or home.
bush (noun) - short, thick plant with a lot of branches
buy (verb) – to get something by paying money for it.
buzz (noun) - a low noise caused by something moving fast.
calendar (noun) - the days, weeks, and months of a year
camera (noun) - a device for making photographs
campaign (noun) – set of actions designed to achieve a result
campaign (verb) - to organize a series of activities to try to achieve something
candies (noun) plural of candy - a sweet food made of sugar, or some other sweet substance, and flavors such as chocolate.
capital (noun) - the city where the central government of a nation or state is located. Example: The capital of France is Paris
capture (verb) - to put into a lasting form; preserve
caramel (noun) - sugar that is heated until it melts and turns brown. Caramel is used to color and flavour foods
cardboard (noun) - a stiff material made of layers of paper. Boxes and signs are made of cardboard
card (noun) - a small, thick piece of paper used for sending a message to another person (also called a greeting card)
careful(adjective) - giving a lot of attention to what you are doing so you don’t make a mistake
cargo (noun) - the goods carried by a ship, airplane, or other vehicle
carrying (verb) present participle of to carry - to hold and take from one place to another.
carry out (phrasal verb) - to accomplish, to do
carve (verb) - to slice or cut into pieces. If you carve a face on a pumpkin, you cut out pieces of the pumpkin in the shape of a mouth, nose, etc
cashier (noun) – someone whose job it is to take the money when you buy something
cathedral (noun) - a large and important church
caught - verb, past tense of catch
causes (verb) - to make something happen
celebrate (verb) - to do something enjoyable because it is a special day
cell (noun) - a single unit of animal life or plant life. The human body is made of many kinds of cells.
cemeteries (noun) plural of cemetery - a graveyard, a place for burying the dead
census (noun) - an official count of the people who live in a country or other area. A census is also used to collect information about these people, such as their job, age, or sex
cent (noun) - 1/100 of a dollar. A dollar = 100 cents.
centuries (noun) plural of century – a period of one hundred years
ceremonial (adjective) - relating to a ceremony
ceremonies (noun) plural of ceremony - an event that is performed on an important occasion
chair (noun) - a piece of furniture for one person to sit on. A chair has four legs, a back, and sometimes arms.
character (noun) - a person in a story, play, or movie
characteristic (noun) - a noticeable quality of someone or something
cheaper (adjective) comparative form of cheap - having a low price
check (verb) - to look at something to find information
chew (verb) - to crush food between your teeth
citizenship (noun) - the rights of being a citizen.
cleaner (adjective) comparative form of clean - not dirty
clean up (phrasal verb) - to make a place (or person) clean and tidy
clear (verb) - to remove
climate (noun) - the usual weather conditions in a place.
clothing (noun) - clothes like shirts and pants that you wear
coast (noun) - the land beside the sea
code (noun) – a set of letter, numbers or symbols that are used instead of words
collection (noun) - 1. when something is taken away from a place, such as garbage collection
collection (noun) - 2. a group of objects of the same type that are in one place. Example: She had a collection of coins the she kept in a special box.
collided (verb) past tense of to collide - to strike or bump into one another with force
column (noun) - a section that runs down a page, not across.
combined (verb) - added together
common (adjective) - usual; easy to find
communities (noun) plural of community - the people living in a particular area
community centres (noun) - a place where people who live in an area can meet together to play sport, go to classes, etc
competition (noun) - an event where people try to win a prize by being the best or the fastest
complain (verb) - to say that something is wrong or that you are annoyed about something
completed (verb) past tense of to complete - to finish
complex (adjective) - not simple, complicated
complicated (adjective) – difficult. Example: The instructions were too complicated for me to understand.
concrete (noun) - a hard, strong building material. Bridges and sidewalks are often made from concrete
Confederation (noun) – Canadian Confederation was the formation of the Dominion of Canada on 1 July 1867. This is the day that Canada became an independent country.
conference (noun) - a meeting of people who have the same job or similar interests. The purpose of the meeting is to share information and opinions.
connected (verb) past tense of to connect - to join two things or two places together. Example: A cable connects my printer to my computer.
conquer (verb) - to get, or overcome by force.
consists of (phrasal verb) - to be made from, or to be made from two or more things
constantly (adverb) - always, continually
constitution (noun) - the system of basic laws that govern a nation, state, or other organization
construction (noun) - the work of building a house, offices, bridge, etc
contact (noun) - when two people or two things touch.
contain (verb) – The bag contains flo ur means that the bag has flour inside it
continue (verb) – to keep happening, or to keep doing
cook (verb) - to prepare food for eating by using heat
cool (adjective) - slightly cold but not too cold
cooler (adjective) comparative form of cool - slightly cold but not too cold
copyright (noun) - the exclusive legal right to make copies of, distribute, or perform all or part of a published or recorded work for a certain extended period of time
core (noun) - the hard middle part of some fruits, it contains the seeds
correct (adjective) - the right answer
cost (noun) - the price to buy something, or how much money is needed to buy something
couch (noun) - furniture to sit on
cough (verb) - to push out air and other substances from the lungs, making a noise in the throat. People cough because of illness or when they breathe in something such as smoke or dust
council (noun) – a group of people
covers (noun) - the blankets on your bed are your covers
covers (verb) - to form a layer on the surface of something
crack (noun) - a break in something.
crack (verb) - to break, but not into separate piece s
creamy (adjective) - having the taste, color, or texture of cream. (smooth)
create (verb) - to make, to bring into being
creek (noun) – narrow river
crew (noun) – the people who work on a ship, airplane or train
criminal (adjective) - 1. relating to crime. 2. a person who is guilty of a crime. If you have a criminal record you have been caught doing a crime and you might have been in jail.
crisp (adjective) - a little bit hard, pleasantly hard, not soft
crooked (adjective) - bent, curved,
crossed (verb) past tense of to cross - to move across something from one side to the other.
crunch (verb) - to make a noise by eating hard or crisp food
crush (verb) - make smaller or flatter by pounding or pressing
crystal (noun) - a piece of something that is solid and has a regular shape
crystalline (adjective) - something with the shape of a crystal
cub (noun) – young bear
culture (noun) - the habits, traditions, beliefs of a group of people
Cupid (noun) - the god of love in Roman mythology
curved (adjective) -to have a round, bent shape.
cutest (adjective) superlative form of cute - pleasant or nice, especially of someone young or something small
cycle (noun) - group of events that repeat at regular times
dairy (adjective) - made from milk or having to do with milk products. Milk, butter, cheese, and yogurt are dairy products.
damper (adjective) comparative form of damp - slightly wet but not too wet
data (noun) - information
deadly (adjective) - likely to cause death
decaying (verb) - in the process of becoming destroyed.
decode (verb) – to discover the meaning of a code
decorate (verb) - to make attractive by adding things to it
decrease (verb) - to become less in number, amount, size, strength, or the like; diminish
deep (adjective) - something is deep if there is a large distance from the top to the bottom
deeper (adjective) - comparative form of deep (deep, deeper, deepest)
defeat (noun) - when someone loses against someone else in a fight
defence (noun) - the act of protecting or guarding, or a thing that protects or guards. (or defense in American English)
defend (verb) - to protect from harm; guard
delicious (adjective) - having a pleasing taste or smell
democracy (noun) - a government in which the people have power in a direct way or through representatives whom they elect.
depressed (adjective) - very unhappy or very sad
dessert (noun) - sweet food that is eaten after the main part of a meal
destroy (verb) - to damage or break something so that it cannot be fixed
developed (verb) past tense of to develop - to grow or cause to grow.
diet (noun) - food and drink ordinarily consumed by a person or animal
difficult (adjective) - not easy
digital (adjective) - using information in the form of an electronic signal
dinner (noun) - the main meal of the day
dip (verb) - to put something into a liquid and then quickly take it out
directly (adverb) - in a direct way, with nothing between
dirt (noun) - loose earth or soil
discover (verb) - to find out, to see
discovery (noun) – a finding, or when someone learns something.
discuss (verb) - to talk together about something
disease (noun) - illness; sickness, a condition that causes harm to a person's health
dislike (verb) - to not like. It is the opposite of like .
distinctive (adjective) - unusual, easy to recognize because it is different from others
divide (verb) - to separate into parts or factions
DNA (abbreviation) - a substance found in cells that contains information about the characteristics of a living thing. DNA plays a part in the passing on of characteristics from parent to offspring. DNA is an abbreviation for "deoxyribonucleic acid."
document (noun) - a piece of paper, or a card, with official information on it
documented (verb) past tense of to document - to record the details of
Dominion (noun) - a name formerly applied to self-governing divisions of the British Empire
drew (verb) - past tense of to draw - to make a picture with a pen, pencil, or other writing tool
dried (verb) past tense of to dry
drifted (verb) past tense of to drift - to move slowly
drinkable (adjective) - fit to drink
during (preposition) - for a period of time, example - The sun shines during the day.
earn (verb) - to receive money for work that you have done.
earthen (adjective) - made up of earth, soil, or dirt.
easily (adverb) - without effort, pain, or trouble
eaten (verb) past participle of to eat - to take food into the body through the mouth.
edible (adjective) - safe to eat, can be eaten
elect (verb) - to choose by voting
elected (verb) past tense of to elect - to choose by voting
election (noun) - the process of choosing a person to serve in government by voting
element (noun) - 1. a basic part of any whole, 2. in science, a substance that can not be reduced to smaller chemical parts, like oxygen or helium
emit (verb) – to send out gas, light or heat into the air
emperor (noun) - the male ruler of an empire
empty (adjective) - nothing in it
encourage (verb) - to give help or support to
energetic – has a lot of energy
energy (noun) – the ability to be active. Example: Running takes a lot of energy.
energy (noun) - power or heat from sources such as the sun, wind, petroleum, natural gas, or coal that can be put to use by humans.
enjoy (verb) - to like doing something
enough (adverb) - as much as needed
environment (noun) - the air, land and water around us, the natural world
equipment (noun) – a tool or object used for a particular activity
erode (verb) - to wear away or eat into.
escape (verb) - to get free from something; to get away
especially (adverb) - more than other people or other things, or more than usual
eve (noun) - the evening or day before a holiday or other special day.
evergreen (adjective) - stays green, a plant with leaves that do not fall off in the winter
everyone (pronoun) - each and every person; everybody
evil (adjective) - very bad
except (preposition) - apart from; not including
existed (verb) – past tense of the verb to exist – to be real, or to be present
expensive (adjective) - costs a lot of money
explorer (noun) – someone who travels to places where no one has been before in order to find out what is there.
explosion (noun) - the act or noise of breaking open with great force; burst. Bombs cause explosions.
explosive (noun) - a substance that is able to cause an explosion
export (verb) - to send to another country to sell
extra (adjective) - more than usual
eyesight (noun) - the ability to see; vision
fable (noun) - short traditional story used to show people how to behave
factories (noun) plural of factory - a building or set of buildings where products are made by.
famous (adjective) - known or recognized by many people
farmland (noun) - an area of land for growing crops
fatal (adjective) - leads to death
favorite (adjective) - what is liked most, your favorite food is the food that you like best
feast (noun) - A large meal with many different types of foods
feature (noun) a distinctive property, characteristic, or quality
federal (adjective) - 1. relating to the central government (or the government of the whole country) 2. having to do with a system of government that unites several states under a central government.
ferment (verb) - to undergo the chemical change of fermentation.
fermentation (noun) - the chemical change of a sugar into alcohol. Fermentation produces gas bubbles.
festival (noun) - a special time when people celebrate something
fill (verb) - to make full
film (noun) - a thin piece of material that is covered with a substance that changes in the light to make photographs and movies.
final (adjective) - last, ending
financial (adjective) - relating to money or how money is managed.
fined (verb) past tense of to fine - to charge someone an amount of money as punishment for breaking a rule or law.
fix up (phrasal verb) - to repair, to make something better
flag (noun) - a piece of cloth with special colors and designs used as a symbol of a country or organization.
flat (adjective) - thin and smooth and level
flattened (verb) past tense of to flatten - to make flat
flavour (noun) - the particular taste of a food or drink
flavoured (adjective) - having had a flavour added to it
flaw (noun) - a mistake or bad characteristic that stops something or someone from being perfect
flawless (adjective) - has no flaws
flesh (noun) - the part of a fruit or vegetable that you eat
flexible (adjective) - able to bend without breaking
flicker (verb) - to burn or shine in an unsteady way
float (verb) - stays on the surface of a liquid, does not sink
flow (verb) - to move in a smooth, steady stream
fog (noun) - a cloud that is near to the ground
forest (noun) - a large area of land covered with many trees and other plants.
fortieth - 40th
fortification (noun) - something that adds strength or fortifies
forty - 40
fought (verb) past form of to fight - to take part in war, or to use physical force to defeat someone.
founded (verb) past tense of to found - to set up or create; establish
founding (noun) – The date that Nunavut was founded means the date that Nunavut became a terrritory. To mark the founding of Nunavut means to celebrate the fact that Nunavut became a territory. Nunavut became a territory in 1999.
fountain (noun) - a structure that forces water up into the air as decoration
freckle (noun) - a light brown dot or mark in the skin, often brought out by exposure to sunlight.
freeze (verb) - to make into ice because of cold temperatures
froze (verb) past tense of to freeze – to turn from a liquid to a solid. When water freezes it becomes ice
frozen (adjective) - very cold, Examples: Ice is frozen water. You can buy frozen foods at the grocery store.
fruit (noun) - the part of a plant that has seeds and flesh. Most fruits that people eat are sweet. Examples: strawberry, cherry, lemon, apple
fun (noun) - something that amuses, entertains, or pleases.
fungus (noun) - a kind of living thing that is similar to a plant but that cannot make its own food. Some kinds of fungus are mushrooms and mold.
furious (adjective) - very angry
furniture (noun) - objects such as chairs, tables, and beds used to fill a living area
furry (adjective) - covered with fur
gave up (phrasal verb) – past tense of give up - to stop
gem (noun) - a valuable stone, especially one that has been cut to be used in jewellery
gene (noun) - a tiny section of a chromosome. A gene causes a particular characteristic, such as eye color or hair color, to be passed on from parent to child.
generate (verb) - to make.
give up (phrasal verb) - to stop or to admit defeat
glacier (noun) - a large mass of ice formed in cold regions from compacted snow and very slowly moving down a slope or across land.
glisten (verb) - shines, often because it is wet
glittering (verb) present participle of to glitter - to shine brightly; sparkle
glow (verb) - to shine with bright light from being very hot
glue (noun) - a substance used to stick things together
glued (verb) past tense of to glue - to stick to something
goal (noun) – aim, or what you want to do successfully in the future . Example: Our goal is to learn English
golden (adjective) - 1. having a shiny, deep yellow color. 2. made of gold
gondola (noun) - an enclosed structure suspended from a cable, used for carrying passengers
good luck charm (noun) – something that brings good luck
government (noun) - the official group of people who run the country
governor general (noun) - representative of the Crown in a constitutional monarchy (in Canada, a representative of the Queen)
graduate (verb) - to successfully finish school or college
grandchildren (noun) plural of grandchild - the child of one's son or daughter
grandfather (noun) - the father of a person's mother or father
greedy (adjective) - having a very strong desire for ever more money or things
grew up (phrasal verb) past tense of grow up - to become an adult
grey (adjective) - a colour that is a mix of black and white.
grid (noun) - parallel horizontal and vertical lines that cross each other to form squares of equal size.
grind (verb) - to crush into very small pieces or a powder.
groan (verb) - to make a long low sound when expressing pain or unhappiness
grocery (adjective) - having to do with food products and supplies for the home as they are grouped together for sale.
ground (noun) - the surface of the Earth
grown (verb) past participle of grow - to develop, to increase, to get bigger
guest (noun) - someone who comes to visit you in your home
gums (noun) - the flesh and connective tissue covering that part of the jawbone in which the teeth are set.
habitual (adjective) - usual or typical. An habitual action is something that you do often.
half - one half = ½
handles (noun) - a part of something that use to hold it or open it, example: Turn the door handle to open the door.
harbour (noun) - a safe area of water where people can leave their boats
hardens (verb) – becomes hard
hardy (adjective) - strong enough to deal with bad conditions or difficult situations.
harm (verb) – to hurt or damage
hatches (verb) plural of to hatch - If an egg hatches, it is broken open by the baby creature being born
healthy (adjective) - 1. You are healthy if you are physically well, not sick. 2. having to do with a good mind and body
herb (noun) - a plant used in cooking to add flavour to food or drink
herbal (adjective) - relating to herbs
herd (noun) - any group of animals that feed and travel together
hexagon (noun) - a shape with 6 sides
hexagonal (adjective) - with 6 sides
hibernate (verb) - to sleep through the winter in a den or burrow to save energy. Bears, snakes, and certain other animals hibernate
hidden, past participle of the verb to hide - Something is hidden if it is in a place where you can’t see it.
hike (verb) - to take a long walk in the country for fun or exercise
hold (verb) - to contain within a particular space
holiday (noun) - a day or period of freedom from work or school; time off
hollow (adjecive) – Something is hollow if there is nothing inside it.
homework (noun) - schoolwork that is to be done at home rather than at school
honour (verb) - To honour is to show great respect for someone or something.
hop (verb) - to move by jumping
horizontal (adjective) - level and flat, or parallel to the ground or the bottom of the page
horrible (adjective) – very bad or very unpleasant
horseback (adjective) - on the back of a horse
host (noun) - someone who organizes a party and invites the guests
host (verb) - to act as the host of an event or party
hotel (noun) - a place with many rooms and beds where people pay money to sleep and eat meals
hungry (adjective) - feeling a need or want for food.
hurt (verb) - to cause pain or harm to
icing (noun) - a sweet covering for cake. Icing is usually made of sugar, butter, and flavoring. It is sometimes called frosting.
identical (adjective) - the same in every way
identify (verb) – to recognize, to know who someone is (or what something is)
ignore (verb) - to pay no attention to someone or something
illegal (adjective) - against the law or rules
image (noun) - a picture of a person or thing
immediately (adverb) - right away; at once
immigrant (noun) - a person who moves from the country where he or she was born to another country.
immigration (noun) - the act of coming to live in a new country
important (adjective) - having great meaning or value
improving (verb) - present participle of to improve - to make better
impure (adjective) - not pure, but mixed with other substances
impurities (noun) plural of impurity - when something is impure
included (verb) past tense of to include - to be part of something larger
including (preposition) - used to show that someone or something is part of a larger group
inexpensive (adjective) - does not cost a lot of money. It is the opposite of expensive .
in fact (adverb)- in reality, actually
infectious (adjective) - able to be spread to others
infestation (noun) – If you have a bedbug infestation, then you have lots of bedbugs in your home.
information (noun) – the facts about something
infuse (noun) - to soak in liquid
infusion (noun) - the outcome of steeping plants with water or oil
ingredients (noun) - the different things that go into a food
inherit (verb) - [in genetics] to pass down from one generation to another
initials (noun) - the first letter in a person's names.
injure (verb) - to harm or damage
insect (noun) – small creature with 6 legs,
inside (preposition) - in the inner part of; within
instead (adverb) - in place of; rather
interesting (adjective) - causing interest or attention
introduced (verb), past tense of to introduce – to make something exist for the first time
invaded (verb) past tense of to invade - to enter a country by force in order to take control of it
invader (noun) - someone who enter a country by force in order to take control of it
invasion (noun) - when an army enters a country by force
invent (verb) - to think of and make something that has never been made before by anyone
invisible (adjective) - can't be seen
invited (verb) past tense of to invite - to ask someone to come to an event or a party
Irish (adjective) - of or having to do with Ireland, or its people or language
itchy (adjective) - If a part of your body is itchy, it feels uncomfortable and you want to scratch it
jetski (noun) - or jet ski - a small motorized vehicle for one person that looks like a scooter but it used on water
jeweller (or jeweler) (noun) - someone who makes or sells jewellery
jewellery (or jewelry) (noun) - objects made from gold, silver and/or valuable stones that you wear for decoration
job (noun) - a regular position for which a person is paid to do particular duties
journey (noun) – a trip that you take
jump (verb) - to push yourself into the air with a strong movement of your legs
jury (noun) - a body of persons summoned to a court of law who are sworn to hear evidence and give a true verdict in a case
kayak (noun) - a boat, used by the Inuit people, that is slim with a light frame and is pointed at both ends. Kayaks are covered with a waterproof skin that may be pulled tight around the waist of the person inside. a boat that looks like this and is used in sports and for fun.
kept (verb) past tense of to keep - 1. to continue, 2. to hold onto, not give away or throw out
kg = kilogram
kin (noun) - relatives
km = kilometre
knife (noun) - a tool with a handle and a thin, sharp blade that is used for cutting
knowledge (noun) - what you know, information and understanding that you have
laid (verb) past tense of the verb to lay - if an animal lays eggs, it produces them out of its body
landlord (noun) - The owner of the house or apartment that you rent is a landlord.
larvae (noun) plural of larva - an insect after it hatches from an egg and before it changes into its adult form. Larvae do not have wings and look like worms. Most kinds of insects spend part of their lives as larvae.
lately (adverb) - recently
lawn (noun) - an area of grass. A front lawn is the area of grass in front of a house
lawyer (noun) - a person whose job is to give legal advice and to speak for people in court.
lay (verb) - 1. if an animal lays eggs, it produces them out of its body, 2. to put something down carefully
layer (noun) - a covering of something that lies over a surface
leader (noun) - a person who directs or guides others or who has the most power in a group
lean (verb) - to bend in a certain direction
leg (noun) - the part of the body between the hip and the foot
legal (adjective) - relating to the law
legend (noun) - a story that has been handed down from an earlier time. Many people know these stories, but they cannot be proven true.
leprechaun – a type fairy in Irish stories, usually an older man dressed in red or green who likes mischief. If you catch a leprechaun, he will grant you three wishes.
limits (verb) - confines, restricts, controls something to make it smaller
link (noun) - a connection, or anything that joins or connects
liquid (noun) - a substance, like water, that is not solid and that can be poured.
local (adjective) – Local means in (or near, or belonging to) the area in which you live.
located (verb) past tense of to locate - where they are found
lodge (noun) - a small house in the country
logic (noun) - reasoning and careful thought
logs (noun) plural of log - a thick piece of wood from a tree
longevity (noun) - long life
look after (phrasal verb) - to take care of
loon (noun) – a large black and white bird that lives near water. Loons dive under the water to catch fish. Loons can be seen on many Canadian lakes
loose (adjective) - not restrained or confined; free. Example: If your tooth is loose, you can move it back and forth with your finger.
lots , or a lot - a large number. If you have a lot of money then maybe you are rich!
lotus (noun) - a plant with large leaves, it grows in water.
louse (noun) - singular of lice. One louse, two lice.
luggage (noun) – bags and cases that you carry with you when you are travelling
luxury (noun) - something which gives you a lot of pleasure but which you can’t often do
lyrics (noun) - the words of a song
made (verb) - past tense of to make
made up of (verb) – contain. Example: Paragraphs are made up of many sentences
mail (verb) - to use the postal service to send a letter or package to someone
maintain (verb) - to keep in good condition
major (adjective) - important
male (adjective) - A male runner is a runner who is a man.
mango (noun) - a tropical fruit that has a green skin and is orange inside
marine (adjective) - found in the sea, or has something to do with the sea
mark (verb) – If you mark an event, you do something to celebrate it.
match (noun) - game or sports competition
matching (verb) present participle of to match - to bring things together because they are the same
mate (verb) - to come together to produce babies.
math (noun) - the short form of mathematics
meal (noun) - when you eat, or the food that you eat at that time. Example: Lunch is a meal that we eat in the middle of the day.
meaningful (adjective) - 1. useful, important 2. having a clear purpose that people can understand
measure (verb) - to find the amount of something
medical (adjective) - relating to medicine, such as a medical student, or a medical treatment
melt (verb) - to turn into liquid. Example: When it is warm, ice melts to become water
melted (verb) past tense of to melt
memorial (noun) - [as in war memorial] an object built to help people remember an important person or event
memorial (adjective) - [as in memorial service or ceremony] A memorial ceremony is a ceremony in remembrance of someone or some event.
memories (noun) plural of memory - an experience, person, or thing that one remembers
mess (noun) - a state of being dirty or not neat.
message (noun) – information or idea
messenger (noun) – a person who passes messages (information) from one place to another
messy (adjective) - not neat; in a mess
met (verb) - past tense of to meet - to come together by plan or by chance. If a group of people meet, they come to a place in order to do something.
mid – in the middle of
might be – may be
military (adjective) - relating to the army, navy or air force such as a military airplane
military (noun) - The military is a country's army, navy and air force.
millennium (noun) – a period of 1000 years. The change from the year 1999 to the year 2000 became known as the Millenium.
million - one million = 1,000,000
mine (verb) - to dig out of the ground
mined (verb) - past tense of to mine.
mineral (noun) - a valuable or useful substance that is usually dug out of the ground
miserable (adjective) - sad, unhappy, unpleasant
mitt (noun) - a mitten. A type of glove with a single part for all the fingers except the thumb which is in a separate part.
mixture (noun) - when you have two or more ingredients added together
moccasin (noun) - a soft leather shoe or slipper without a heel. Moccasins were first made and worn by American Indians
modern-day (adjective) - relating to current or recent times, modern
monarch (noun) - one who reigns over a country or territory, example - a king or queen
monarchy (noun) - a nation or government ruled by or in the name of a monarch. A monarch's power is either unlimited or limited by a constitution.
mostly (adverb) - for the greater part, almost all
mould (noun) (also spelled mold) – a container that is used to make something in a particular shape
mountainous (adjective) - has lots of mountains
mug (noun) - a large, heavy cup with a handle, often used for hot drinks
munch (verb) - to eat something in a noisy way
municipal (adjective) – belonging to a city or town
municipality (noun) – usually means a town, or a city
mush (noun) - a thick, soft substance
mushroom (noun) - a kind of fungus with a stem and a cap. Some mushrooms can be eaten as a vegetable and others are poisonous.
mutiny (noun) – when a group of people (usually sailors or soldiers) refuse to obey orders
myth (noun) - ancient story, usually about gods or brave people or a story or group of stories that form part of the traditional knowledge of a society. Myths often use imaginative plots and characters to explain how the world began and why nature and people behave the way they do.
mythology (noun) – myths, or collection of myths from a culture
narwhal (noun) - a type of whale that lives in the Arctic
nasty (adjective) - bad, unkind, angry
native (adjective) - If a plant is native to a place, that is where it grew originally
naturally occurring (expression) - occurs in nature, not man made
naval (adjective) - of the navy
navigate (verb) - successfully sail (or go by boat) along a waterway
nearby (adjective) - located close at hand; not far away
nectar (noun) - the sweet liquid a plant makes that attracts insects and birds. Bees use nectar to make honey.
nice (adjective) - enjoyable; pleasant
noise (noun) - a sound.
Norse (adjective) – belonging to Norway or its people, language or culture. It can also refer to medieval Scandinavia . Medieval means in the years 500 to 1500.
northern (adjective) - in the north, or from the north. Example: The Yukon is in the northern part of Canada.
nuisance (noun) - a person or thing that annoys
Nunavut (noun) – one of the three territories in Canada see map
nursery rhyme (noun) - a simple traditional song or poem for children
nut (noun) - a large seed that people or animals can eat that grows in a hard shell. Example: peanut, cashew, walnut
occasion (noun) - a time when something happens. Example: We met on several occasions
occur (verb) - to happen,
ocean (noun) - a part of the large body of salt water that covers most of the earth's surface
OHIP = Ontario Health Insurance Program
olive (noun) - a small fruit with green or black skin. Olives grow on trees and are used to make oil for cooking
one third = 1/3
on foot – walk
onion (noun) - a round vegetable with a sharp taste and smell. Onions grow under the ground
online (adjective) - connected to a computer or computer network
onto (preposition) - to a position on or on top of.
oregano (noun) - a plant related to mint and marjoram that is dried and used as a seasoning
original (adjective) - first, existing since the beginning
other than - except, or not including a particular thing
oven (noun) - a piece of equipment that you cook food in. An oven has a large metal box with a door.
overgrow (verb) - to grow over with a thick cover of leaves.
overgrown (verb) - past participle of overgrow
overlooking (verb) - to have a view of something from above
oxygen (noun) - a gas that is part of air. It has no color or smell. Most living things need oxygen to live.
pain (noun) - bad or terrible feeling in your body that is usually caused by injury or illness
pair (noun) - two things that are the same and are used together. Examples, a pair of gloves, a pair of socks
palette knife (noun) - a special knife used by artists to mix paints
parachute (noun) - a large device made of strong, thin cloth that opens up like an umbrella. A parachute slows the fall of a person who jumps from an airplane. It can also be used in the same way for something that is dropped from an airplane
parade (noun) - groups of people moving down a public street together to celebrate something.
parasite (noun) - a plant, animal, or fungus that lives on or in another living thing, called the host. A parasite gets its food and energy from the host organism
parasitic (adjective) – A parasitic insect is an insect that uses another animal as a source of food.
parents (noun) - Your mother and your father are your parents.
park (noun) - an area of public land that anyone can use for rest and enjoyment
parliament (noun) - a group of people who make the laws for a country
party game - a game that is fun to play at a party, or when there is a group of people playing together
passageway (noun) - a long narrow space that connects one place to another
pasta (noun) – Spaghetti & other noodles are kinds of pasta
paste (noun) - a food that has been pounded until it is soft and smooth
pastries (noun), plural of pastry - a small cake
patron saint - This is a saint that is believed to be the protector or guardian of a group of people. St. Patrick is the patron saint of Ireland - this means that many Irish people believe that St. Patrick is the saint who protects Ireland
peak (noun) - the highest part of a mountain, or the highest part of anything.
peck (noun) - a unit of measurement of grains and other dry things. A peck is equal to eight quarts, one fourth of a bushel, or 8.81 liters. (not used very much any more)
peel (verb) - to remove the outer covering from something
pepper (noun) - a hollow fruit that varies in size, shape, and color (usually red, green or yellow). Peppers can have either a hot or sweet taste. They are eaten as a vegetable or used to add flavor to other foods.
perhaps (adverb) - it is possible that; maybe
personality (noun) - all of the qualities of a person that make that person different from others.
persuade (verb) – If someone persuades you to do something, they get you to do it. If a candidate persuades you to vote for them, then you vote for them.
phoning (verb) present participle of to phone - to call on the telephone
photographer (noun) - a person whose job is to take photographs.
photography (noun) - the art or practice of taking and making photographs
phrase (noun) - a group of words forming part of a sentence but not having both a subject and a verb. "In the kitchen" and "taking a shower" are phrases
physics (noun) – the scientific study of natural forces such as emergy, heat, light
pick (verb) - to gather by pulling off or out. Example: He picks apple from the apple tree.
pick up (phrasal verb) - to pick something up means to get something. Example: You pick up things that you drop on the floor . or, Parents often pick up their kids from school.
pickled (noun) - preserved with salt and a liquid such as vinegar.
pie (noun) - a cooked dish that has a crust made of dough and a thicker layer of fruit, meat, or something else on top of it. Sometimes it has another layer of crust on top of that.
pierced (verb) past tense of to pierce - to pass or go through with or as if with something sharp
pine (noun) - a tree with soft wood and leaves shaped like needles. The leaves stay green all year.
pink (adjective) - a color (red + white)
plastic (noun) - an artificial substance made from certain kinds of chemicals that can be shaped when soft.
point (noun) -a unit used for keeping score in certain sports or achieving a grade in school
poison (noun) - a substance that will make you sick or kill you if you eat or drink it
poisonous (adjective) - containing poison
political (adjective) - having to do with the study or practice of politics, politicians, or government.
politician (noun) - a person who holds political office
polluted (adjective) - If air is polluted it is dirty. Polluted water is not safe to drink.
poorly (adverb) - badly, not well
popular (adjective) - liked by many people
port (noun) - a place where ships load, or the town near this place
postal (adjective) - having to do with the mail service
potted (adjective) - a potted plant is one that is sold growing in a flower pot.
poured (verb) past tense of to pour - If you pour a liquid you are making it flow from one container to another
power (noun) - 1. energy that can do work, 2. electricity
precious (adjective) - 1. of great worth or value. or 2. loved or dear to a person
prefer (verb) - to choose above others as the best liked or most wanted.
prepare (verb) - to get ready
pretend (verb) - to behave as if something is true when it’s not
Prime Minister (noun) - The head of a parliamentary government
probably (adverb) – not 100% sure, but close to; or something is very likely to happen or likely to be true
process (noun) – a series of actions that you take in order to achieve a result
production (noun) - when you make or grow something
protect (verb) - to defend or keep safe from danger or harm
provide (verb) - to supply (or give) something to someone/something
provincial (adjective) - belonging to the province
public (adjective) - for everyone to use, open to everyone
puppy (noun) - a young dog
pure (adjective) - not mixed with anything else; made of only one substance
puzzle (noun) - a toy or problem that you solve by thinking or by arranging letters, words, numbers, or objects
quickly (adverb) - in a short time; rapidly
rain (noun) - drops of water that form in the clouds and fall from the sky to the earth
rare (adjective) - happening very infrequently; uncommon
ray of light (noun) – narrow beam of light
realize (verb) - to notice or understand something
rebuild (verb) - to build again; repair.
recognize (verb) - to know from earlier experience
rectangular (adjective) - having the shape of a rectangle ( a shape with 4 sides)
recycling (noun) - when paper, glass or plastic is put through a process so that it can be used again.
reflected (verb) past tense of to reflect – to send back. If a surface reflects light it sends light back.
refreeze (verb) - to freeze again
region (noun) - a particular area in a country or in the world.
regulation (noun) - a rule or law that controls or directs people's actions
related (adjective) - connected, if two or more people are related, they belong to the same family
religion (noun) - a set of beliefs that includes a belief about god or gods.
religious (adjective) - having to do with religion
remains (verb) - stays, is still there
remember (verb) - If you remember something, then you think about it again.
remembrance (noun) - when you remember and show respect for someone
remove (verb) - to take away, to get rid of
renovate (verb) - to put in good condition by making many repairs
rent (noun) - the money that you give to the owner of a property for the use of a space.
repair (verb) - to put something in good condition again after being broken; fix
representative (noun) - someone who serves in the place of another
require (verb) - to make something necessary. When someone requires you to do something, you must do it.
residents (noun) – A resident of a city is someone who lives in that city.
responsible – If you are responsible for something, then it is your duty to take care of it. Example: Parents are responsible for looking after their children.
responsibilities (noun) - If something is your responsibility then it is your job or your duty to do it.
restaurant (noun) - a place where you go to eat. In a restaurant, you pay to have a meal that is served to you.
restore (verb) - to bring something back to an earlier or normal condition.
resulting (adjective) - caused by the event or situation that was just mentioned
riding (noun) - in government, a place or geographic area. Example: Canada is divided into 308 federal ridings.
rigid (adjective) - difficult or impossible to bend; stiff
ripe (adjective) - finished growing and ready to pick and eat
risked (verb) past tense of to risk - might lose
roast (adjective) - something that is roasted
roast (verb) - to cook or bake with dry heat in an oven or over an open fire.
role (noun) - the part someone plays, job
romantic (adjective) - relating to the feelings of love
root (noun) - the part of a plant that grows under the ground. Roots take in water and food, and they hold the plant in the soil
rose (noun) - a flower that has a sweet smell, comes in many colors, and grows on a bush. There are often sharp points on the stem of a rose.
rotting (verb) - in the process of decaying
route (noun) – the path that you follow to get from one place to another
row (noun) - a group arranged in a straight line side by side
sacred (adjective) - having to do with religion
saint (noun) - a person who has been recognized by the Roman Catholic Church as having lived a holy life. (abbreviation: St. or Ste.)
sales (noun) - the amount of something that is sold
sandcastle (noun) - a toy castle made on a beach by molding wet sand.
sandstorm (noun) - a strong wind in a desert carrying a large amount of sand
sauce (noun) - a thick liquid served on or with food to add flavor.
scalp (noun) - the skin on the top of your head
scanner (noun) – a piece of equipment that copies information to a computer
scarves (noun) plural of scarf - a long piece of cloth worn around the neck, head, or shoulders
scary (adjective) - causing fear; frightening
scenery (noun) - 1. the attractive, natural things that you see in the countryside or 2. the way the land looks in a particular place
score (noun) - the total points earned in a game or test.
scoring (verb) - present participle of to score - to get points in a game or test
scratch (verb) - 1. to rub your skin with your fingernails, 2. to cause damage to a surface with something sharp
seal (noun) - an animal that lives near the sea
seams (noun) - a line of sewing where two pieces of cloth have been joined
search (verb) - to look
secret (adjective) - If something is secret then people don't know about it.
seed (noun) - the small part of a plant with flowers that grows into a new plant
seedless (adjective) - has no seeds
seized (verb) past tense of to seize - to take something away (sometimes by force)
selfless (adjective) - having or showing an unselfish lack of concern for oneself and one's interests.
sensor (noun) – a piece of equipment that can find (and measure) heat, light, etc
settlement (noun) - an area newly occupied by colonists or settlers
sewage (noun) – dirty water & waste from houses and other buildings that is carried away in sewers
sewers (noun) – underground pipes or channels that carry sewage
shade (noun) - the dark area caused when light is blocked
shallow (adjective) - not deep.
shamrock (noun) - a clover plant with leaves that have three parts. It is the national emblem of Ireland.
sharp (adjective) - having a thin edge or a fine point for cutting
shell (noun) - the hard outer covering around a bird's egg, a nut, or the body of some animals.
sheltered (adjective) - protected
shipped (verb) past tense of to ship - to place on and send by ship, truck, or other vehicle
shipyard (noun) - a place where ships are built or repaired
shop (noun) - a small store
shore (noun) - the area of land along the edge of an ocean, lake or river
shoreline (noun) - the edge of a sea or a lake or a wide river
shrub (noun) - large plant that is smaller than a tree
sick (adjective) - not healthy, ill
sigh (verb) - to breathe out slowly & noisily, often because you are annoyed or unhappy
sign (noun) - a printed direction, notice, or warning such as a stop sign, or sign on the front of a store that tells you the name of the store
signed (verb) past tense of to sign - to write your name on something to show that you agree to it.
silence (noun) - no sound
silly (adjective) - without good sense or without serious meaning
similar (adjective) - being almost the same as something else
since (adverb) - from then until now
single (adjective) - only one
sinking (verb) present participle of to sink - to fall slowly to a lower level
site (noun) - a place for a town, city, building, or event.
skate (noun) - a shoe with a blade attached to the bottom. Skates are used to move on ice
skate (verb) - to move along on ice skates or roller skates.
skating (verb) - present participle of to skate
sketch (noun) - a drawing or painting that was done in a hurry or without detail. Sketches are sometimes done to prepare for later work.
skill (noun) - an ability to do something well, especially because of training or practice.
skin (noun) - 1. the outer layer of your body, 2. the outer covering of some fruits and vegetables
sliced (adjective) - cut into thin flat pieces
slices (noun) - thin, flat pieces of something larger
slide (verb) - to move smoothly over a surface
slightly (adverb) - a little bit
slipper (noun) - a small, flat shoe that is easy to put on and take off. Slippers usually are indoor shoes.
slow (adjective) - taking a long time
slowly (adverb) - not moving fast
smell (verb) - to sense something by means of the nose
smooth (adjective) - has no lumps in it
snake (noun) - a long, narrow animal that has smooth skin and no legs. Snakes hunt and eat other animals. Some snakes are poisonous
sneeze (verb) - to let out a sudden, loud burst of air through the mouth and nose.
snuggled (verb) past tense of to snuggle - to move into a warm, comfortable position
soccer - In North America soccer is what everyone else calls football
social (adjective) - likes to be with others and not alone
soil (noun) - the top layer of the earth's surface; dirt
sold (verb) past tense of to sell - to give something to someone who gives you money for it
solution (noun) - the answer
solve (verb) - to find an answer to; find a way to fix.
sometimes (adverb) - at times, now and then
sore (adjective) - painful.
sour cream (noun) - cream or milk that has been soured using bacteria
source (noun) – where something comes from.
southwestern (adjective) - of, located in, or coming from the southwest
sovereign (noun) - a monarch or other royal ruler
sparkles (verb) - to shine brightly in the light
special (adjective) – used for a particular purpose
species (noun) - a group of living things that are the same in many important ways. Members of a species can produce young together.
spent (verb) - past tense, and past participle, of to spend - 1. to use time doing a particular activity, 2. to use money to buy something
spine (noun) - 1. A strong, sharp-pointed, usually woody outgrowth from a stem or leaf; a thorn, 2. the long structure of bones down the center of your back, which supports your body
spirits (noun) – something that people believe exists but doesn’t have a body, like a ghost
spray (verb) - to apply a spray to a surface, or to force liquid out of a container in many small drops
spray (noun) - many small drops of liquid blown through the air
spray paint (noun) - paint that is sprayed onto surfaces
spread (verb) - to cover an area of something
spring (noun) - one of the four seasons, after winter and before summer
sprinkle (verb) - to drop or scatter in small pieces
square (noun) - 1. place, an open area with buildings around it, 2. A shape with four sides that are all the same length.
stabilize (verb) - to make firm, steady, or stable
stables (noun) - building where horses were kept
stadium (noun) - a large open area with seats around it, used for playing and watching sports
statue (noun) - a piece of art that is made out of stone, metal, or other material. Statues are often in the shape of humans or animals
steam (noun) - water in the form of a gas that you can see in the air when you boil or heat water.
steamed (adjective) - something that has been heated by having steam added to it.
steel (noun) - a hard, strong metal made by mixing iron and another metal. It is used to make machines, cars, tools, and many other things
steep (verb) - to soak in liquid
stem (noun) - the main part of a plant that supports the branches, leaves, and other parts
stimulant (noun) - something that temporarily arouses or speeds up a physical or mental activity or process.
sting (verb) to make a tiny hole in the skin that causes pain.
stinger (noun) - the sharp, pointed part of certain animals and plants that sometimes carries a poison. The stinger is used to wound
stirred (verb) past tense of to stir - to mix with a spoon
store (verb) - to gather and keep for future use
stored (verb) past tense of to store - to gather and keep for future use
storey or story (noun) - floor or level in a building. British English: one storey or two storeys. American English: one story or two stories
strand (noun) – a long, thin piece of something., example a strand of hair
strategy (noun) - a method or plan of action that you intend to use for some purpose.
stripes (noun) - a long straight area of colour
structure (noun) - the way that parts of something are arranged or put together
struggle (verb) - try to try very hard to do something difficult
study (verb) - to learn
study (noun) - learning, when you learn about a subject
style (noun) - a way of doing something
subtropical (adjective) - from parts of the world that aren’t too hot or too cold
sugar (noun) - a sweet substance made from plants. There is a lot of sugar in candy
sung (verb) past tense of to sing
surface (noun) - the top of something, or the outside of something.
surrounded (verb) past tense of to surround - to be on all sides at the same time. The words by or with usually come after the word surrounded. Example: The sidewalk was very crowded. I was surrounded by people
surrounded by - If you are surrounded by something then there is lots of it near you.
surrounding (adjective) - relating to everywhere around something
survive (verb) - to continue to live after something very dangerous has happened
swat (verb) to hit abruptly, as with an open hand or fly swatter; slap; smack
sweep (verb) - to clear the floor of dirt or dust, often with a broom
sweeten (verb) - to make sweet or sweeter in taste usually by adding sugar
symbol (noun) - a sign or an object that represents something
symbolic (adjective) - serving as a symbol
system (noun) - a particular way or method of doing something
tail (noun) - a part of an animal's body that sticks out from the back end
take turns - If two or more people take turns, one person goes first, then another person goes, then another. One person at a time
talent (noun) - a natural skill or ability.
tall (adjective) - being a certain height
taste (verb) - to have a particular flavor
tax (noun) - money that you pay to a government. The government uses the money to provide services.
team (noun) - a group of people who play a sport or game against another group of players
technology (noun) - knowledge having to do with the use of science and industry to help solve common problems of life.
temperatures (noun) – Temperature is how hot or cold something is.
temperate (adjective) - having neither extremely hot nor extremely cold temperatures and mild weather.
temporary (adjective) - happening only for a short time
tempted (verb) past tense of the verb to tempt - to make someone want to do something
terrace (noun ) - 1. a flat surface covered with brick or concrete outside of a building. 2. a flat, raised section of ground.
terrible (adjective) - very bad
territory (noun) - an area of land that belongs to and is governed by a country
thick (adjective) - A think liquid is one that does not flow very easily.
thick (adjective) - large from one side of a surface to the other side; not thin; wide.
thin (adjective) - small when measured from one side to the other or when measured around the outside; not thick.
throat (noun) - the part of the body through which food and air pass to the stomach and lungs
through (preposition) - in one side or end of something and out the other
tidings (noun) - news
tightly (adverb) - in a firm, close, or secure way.
tile (noun) - a square, flat piece
tilt (noun) - a leaning or sloping position
tiny (adjective) - very small
tired (adjective) - wanting or needing sleep or rest.
title (noun) - a name of something such as a book, movie, or piece of music
together (adverb) - with someone else, or in a group
tomorrow (noun) - the day after today
tongue (noun) - the organ in the mouth used for tasting and swallowing and also in speaking.
topping (noun) - food that is put on top of other food in order to give it more flavour
totem (noun) - an object which is respected by a group of people
totem pole (noun) - tall wooden pole with symbols, part of the tradition of west coast Native Canadians
tour (verb) - to walk around, or to travel around a place
tourist (noun) - a person who is traveling for pleasure
towards (preposition) – in the direction of something or somebody
tower (noun) - a tall, narrow building or part of a building that rises high above the ground
tradition (noun) - a custom or a way of behaving that has continued for a long time, the beliefs and ways of doing things that are passed down from parents to children.
traditional (adjective) - relating to the customs that a group has followed for a long time
traditionally (adverb) - following the customs that a group has followed for a long time.
traffic (noun) – the cars & trucks using a road
trial (noun) - in law, an examination of evidence presented to a judicial tribunal, usually in order to determine a person's guilt or innocence
transit (noun) - a system for carrying people or goods by vehicle from one place to another. Public buses, trains, and subway trains are all forms of transit.
transportation (noun) - buses, trains, cars, etc. used for getting from one place or another
trap (noun) - something to catch animals with
travel (verb) - to go from place to place
travels (noun) - the activity of traveling
treat (noun) - something special
treat (verb) - to relieve or cure (a disease or illness)
treated (verb) past tense of to treat
tributary (noun) - a river that flows into a larger river. Bonanza Creek is a tributary of the Klondike River. This means that the water in Bonanza Creek flows into the Klondike River.
trip (noun) - the act of traveling from one place to another.
tropical (adjective) - from or in the hottest parts of the world
trying (verb) present participle of to try
turn on (phrasal verb) - to cause something to begin. Example: Turn on the lights if it is too dark to see.
turned back (phrasal verb) – past ten se of turn back , to return in the direction that you came from
twelve = 12
twenty = 20
twice (adverb) - two times
twig (noun) a small branch of a tree or other plant
twist (verb) - to wind around something else
typical (adjective) - having all the qualities that you expect in a particular person, place or thing
ugly (adjective) - not pleasant to look at.
uncomfortable (adjective) - not able to feel relaxed in your mind or body; not feeling comfortable.
underground (adjective) - located, living, or taking place beneath the earth's surface.
unfortunately (adverb, sentence modifier) - unluckily
unique (adjective) - being the only one of its type
unite (verb) - to join together as a group, or to make people join together as a group
unreadable (adjective) - not able to be read, as handwriting; illegible
unstable (adjective) - not steady; not securely fixed.
unsuccessful (adjective) - not achieving what was wanted
upper (adjective) - at the top; higher in place, or level.
usually (adverb) - in the way that most often happens. Example: I usually go to school at 9:00.
vandalism (noun) - destruction or damage of property that is done on purpose
variations (noun) - differences, something that is slightly different from the usual form.
vary (verb) - to change from something else, or to be different from other things.
vegetable (noun) - a plant you can eat, examples: potatos, corn and onions.
vegetation (noun) - plants or plant life in a particular place.
veil (noun) - a thin piece of cloth worn over the head, shoulders, and face. A veil is used as a decoration, or to hide a person's face.
vertical (adjective) - straight up and down.
veteran (noun) - someone who was in the army or navy during a war
vine (noun) - a plant having a long, thin, woody stem that climbs up a support or creeps along the ground.
violence (noun) - extreme force, when someone tries to hurt or kill someone
virus (noun) - a tiny living thing that lives in other living things and causes diseases
visited (verb) past tense of to visit - to see a place and spend a short time there
vital (adjective) - necessary to life
vitamin (noun) - any of a number of natural or synthetic substances required in human nutrition to regulate metabolism and maintain health
vote (verb) - to show your choice or opinion in an election or meeting
waddle (verb) - walks with short steps while moving from side to side
wag (verb) - to cause to move quickly up and down or from side to side
walrus (noun) - a large marine animal with tusks and whiskers
warm (adjective) - having some heat; not cold
warmer (adjective) - comparative form of warm - not cold, but not hot. Example: I wear a hat to keep my head warm in the winter
waterfall (noun) - a stream of water that falls from a higher place; cascade.
waterway (noun) - a river or canal
weapon (noun) - an object used to attack or defend. Guns are weapons
wee (adjective) - very small or tiny
weigh (verb) - to have a particular amount of weight.
westward (adverb) – towards the west
whip (verb) - to beat eggs or cream.
whipped cream (noun) - cream that has been beaten until it is very thick.
whole (adjective) - as a single thing and not in pieces,
widens (verb) - to become wider
wild (adjective) - something that lives or grows in its natural environment
wind farm - A wind farm is a place where many wind turbines have been built.
wind generated power - electricity that is made using the wind
wing (noun) - a part of the body of some animals that they use for flying. Insects and birds have wings
witch (noun) - a woman who is believed to have magic powers. Witches are more often thought to do evil things than good things
woke up (verb) past tense of wake up - to stop sleeping
wooden (adjective) - made of wood
worry (verb) - to feel fear or anxiety
worth (noun) - the value of a thing
written (verb) past participle of write
wreath (noun) - a ring or circle of flowers or leaves
yeast (noun) - tiny, single cells of certain fungi that are used to make bread, alcohol, and some medicines
yolk (noun) - the
yellow or orange part of an egg