ReadingESL stories and readings in English for ESL learners


 

"Going to" Future Verb Tense

 

Form:

subject + to be + going to + base form of main verb                    LINK to more on to be

Affirmative statements Negative statements   Questions
subject + to be + going to + base form of main verb subject + to be + not going to + base form of main verb    to be + subject + going to + base form of main verb
I am going to listen to music.
I'm going to listen to music

You are going to listen to music.
She is going to listen to music.
He's going to listen to music.

We're going to listen to music.
They're going to listen to music.
I'm not going to listen to music.
You're not going to listen to music.
 
She's not going to listen to music.
He's not going to listen to music.

We're not going to listen to music.
They're not going to listen to music.
a disc jockey playing records on a turntable Are you going to listen to music?
Yes, I am.
No, I'm not.

What's she going to do tomorrow?
She's going to listen to music.

What are we doing on Friday?
We're going to listen to music.

What are they going to do tonight?
They're going to listen to music.

 

Problems - The "going to" future often looks like the present continuous tense.

1.  When using the "going to future" and the main verb is to go:

2.   When using the present continuous of the verb to go:

 


Uses:

the interior of a cave two students doing a lab experiment with liquids in a test tube colorful sailboat on a lake
Ed and Marion are going to explore caves on their holiday.  They're going to go underground. They're not going to get lost! Amanda is going to study science at University.  She is going to apply to three or four Universities. We are going to go sailing on Saturday.  We're going to have fun if there is enough wind.
or We're going sailing on Saturday.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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