ReadingESL stories and readings in English for ESL learners
Talking about the Future
There are many ways of talking about the future.
English also has future perfect and future continuous verb tenses.
1. Use the present simple (base form of the verb) + future markers/words. LINK: more about the present simple tense
Schedules, timetables and some imperative sentences.
arrives at noon
in two hours.
2. Use the present continuous + future markers/words. LINK: more about the present continuous verb tense.
Planned events, or events being planned, in the future.
'Lunch' by prideandvegudice, from flickr
'Day 1 Campsite' by MJIphotos, from flickr
|I'm meeting my friends for lunch next week.||Leon's hoping to go to Paris in July.||Ron's family is going camping next week.|
3. "Going to" future
The present continuous and the "going to" future are very similar. The "going to" future is a little bit more personal.
To make the "going to" future: subject + to be + going to + base form of the main verb. LINK: more about the "going to" future
|Jill's going to shop at the market on Saturday.||She's going to buy broccoli.||After Jill finishes shopping, she's going to meet me at the art gallery.|
4. Future simple verb tense LINK to more about the future simple tense
'Race' by MrDays, taken from flickr
|I think I'll wear my purple dress today.||Stella won't be home for dinner. She'll be out with her friends instead.||Who do you think will win the race?|
5. With the words about to (and base form of the verb)
'yellow umbrella' by solidether, from flickr
'sunflower, about to open' by mclcbooks, flickr
'Ready to swim' by terren in Virginia, flickr
|Take your umbrella with you. It looks like it's about to rain.||The flowers are about to open.||They are about to start the race.|
6. With modals can, may, might, could, should, ought to (with base form of verb and future marker/word)
'Sugarbarns Signature Chocolate Cake' by Sugarbarn, flickr
|The construction should
be finished next week.
The construction might be finished next week.
The construction may be finished earlier if it doesn't rain too much.
|Can you look
after my cat this week-end?
Yes, I can look after your cat.
Yes, I should be able to look after your cat.
|Ida thinks she ought to
take some food to the party tomorrow night.
Ida might bake a cake to take to the party.