This is one way to talk about the future. LINK for other ways to talk about the future.
In many cases, the "going to" future can be used in the same ways as the future simple tense. LINK to "going to" future
|Affirmative statements||Negative statements||Example||Questions|
|subject + will + base form of verb||subject +
+ base form of verb
subject + won't + base form of verb
|will + subject + base form|
|I will drive
I'll drive you home after work.
We'll drive you home after work.
They'll drive you home after work.
|I will not
drive you home.
I won't drive you home after work.
She won't drive you home after work.
We won't drive you home after work.
They won't drive you home after work.
|Will you drive me home?
Will you drive her home?
Will you drive us home?
Will you drive them home?
Yes, I will.
No, I won't
1. unplanned future events, spontaneous
'Raketa on my wrist' by wstryder, from flickr
|It's okay, I'll walk. It's a nice day.||Just a second, I'll check.|
2. predicting events
photo by Michael Baker, Wikimedia Commons
photo by dan, from FreeDigitalPhotos.net
'Running For The Bus' by beascloset, flickr
will win the balloon race?
Perhaps the red and yellow balloon will win.
|Will it rain
The weather forecast says that it will rain.
|Do you think she'll
If she runs, she won't be late.
3. future facts, often with the verb to be
'Mason's 10th Birthday' by spolay, from flickr
|Nathan will be 10 on his next birthday.||It will be warmer once summer arrives.||Jane will be in Toronto for the holidays.|
4. results of a present action (can be similar to a conditional sentence)
'Writing Exams' by ccarlstead, from flickr
'Aerobics' by Sandvand, from flickr
|If you leave John alone, he'll finish his homework faster.||Roberto needs to study more or he won't pass his exams.||If you exercise more, you'll lose weight faster.|
5. probability, with the verb to think
Note that don't (or doesn't) can be used to make the negative in this case.
The words suppose, expect, wonder, am sure and doubt if are used in the same way. NOTE: doubt if has a negative meaning.
'education - tv' by Maufdi, from flickr
photo by Havel, from Wikimedia Commons
|I think I'll
watch TV tonight.
I think I won't watch TV tonight.
I don't think I'll watch TV tonight.
I suppose I'll watch TV tonight.
I doubt if I'll watch TV tonight.
|I think I'll
buy that car.
I think I won't buy that car.
I don't think I'll buy that car.
I doubt if I'll buy that car.
I expect I won't buy that car.
it'll snow this afternoon.
She thinks it won't snow this afternoon.
She doesn't think it will snow this afternoon.
I wonder if it'll snow this afternoon.
I expect it'll snow this afternoon.
6. for making promises